DICTIONARY: A - B
Strongest aromatic material extracted from flowers & plants. They are concentrated highly aromatic oily mixtures extracted from plants. Absolutes require the use of solvent extraction techniques or more traditionally enfleurage.
Wiki (not explained from perfumery point of view): Accord
Blend of two or more notes that form a distinct fragrance.
Alcohol used in Arabian perfumery
Denatured alcohol which has additives of mentholated spirit rendering the alcohol undrinkable denatured alcohol has a smell which lasts for a few minutes after spraying.
Organic compound present in many natural materials can be synthesized artificially Amber. Sweet resinous, cosy and warm, often rather powdery note recreated from a mix of balsams. Usually labdanum, benzoin, vanilla, styrax and fir or a combination of these. The default oriental note. (Definition from Fragrantica odor profile).
Oxidized fatty compounds secreted by Sperm Whales.
Amber ≠ Ambergris.There is some confusion over the terms amber and ambergris – and this confusion goes all the way back to the Middle Ages! The word “amber,” which comes from the Arabic word “anbar,” was the word used in Middle English (Anglo-Saxon language) to describe ambergris. But at around the same time, the word “amber” evolved in the Romance languages (Latin, French) to mean amber resin, specifically the hard, yellow tree resin that was washing ashore along the Baltic coast at the time. Since both ambergris and the amber resin were both egg-sized lumps of material washing up on beaches, it is easy to see why people confused amber with ambergris. More here.
Wiki: Ambroxan / Ambroxide
Ambroxide widely known by the brand name Ambroxan is a naturally occurring tapenoid and one of the key constituents responsible for the odor of Ambergris.
Aromas mostly associated with musk civet & castoreum. Now usually reproduced synthetically.
Medical term for loss of sense of smell. Can be very annoying and in many cases not chronic (healing of cause disease). In some cases irreversible.
Wiki: Aoud (Oud)
Arabic word for wood in perfume, usually refers to wood from Agar trees.
Scents reputed to make a person sexually attractive to another person.
A scent reminiscent of water but not overtly or heavily marine/oceanic. Example rainwater. Aquatics are often Ozonic & typically feature notes of water lily, water hyacinths, lotus, melon, cucumber and water.
A sensation which is between smell & taste. Aroma Chemical Molecules obtained from natural products or made synthetically that have an aroma. Most synthetic aroma chemicals are identical to those found in nature.
Scents that have a freshness to them, aromatic notes are usually a combination of sage, rosemary, cumin, lavender & other plants that have intensive grassy spiciness, often combined with citrus & spicy notes (source Fragrantica - olfactory groups definition)
Wiki: Attar (Ittar)
Essential oil obtained by distillation from botanical sources, e.g. roses. Attar is in common language oriental fragrance based on heavy notes of roses and other plant-based ingredients.
Wiki: Balsam / balsamic
Warm ambery soft like benzoin, tolu balsam. We love its warmth and papmpering feeling. Often connected with health properties of balsam; soothing, restorative. Having the pleasant odour of balsam; balmy, fragrant.
Wiki: Base notes
Base notes are most enduring notes, heaviest notes longest lasting, defining a character of perfume. They bring depth and solidity to a perfume and their odour lasts the longest. They appear when middle tones start disappearing and can last up to 24 hours. Molecules of ingredients that are used for base notes evaporate very slowly and their scent are usually rich and strong. To give these strong scents to perfumes, perfumers use myrrh, frankincense, rose, vanilla, ginger, clove, and cedarwood as well as other. Characteristic and long lasting ingredients.
Wiki: Batch Codes
Quantity of in this case perfumes produced in a single run. Some perfumes scent may vary depending on the batch code. Batch code is often used in chemical processing industries for traceability.
As ingredients specially of natural origin are not exactly equal we should distinguish different batches.
A perfume that's powerful, forceful. In some cases short time retaining perfumes for special occasion.
Purchase a perfume without ever having smelled it before. In times of internet purchasing practices unavoidable. Be aware of return policies of vendor. Risk is lover in simple one time industrial products application. We must relay only on description of vendor.
Blend is harmonious mix of perfume ingredients. The term is often used in food industry (blending od alcoholic beverages, teas, coffee etc.).
Perfumery is in its origin blending (mixing) of different ingredient to achieve desired scent.
A description for perfume that may smell of various alcoholic drinks like rum, whiskey, vodka, wine etc.. Unlike it comes from slang sometimes it adds interesting notes to perfumes or perfume applications.